A tiger weights from 180-260 kg; a tigress is lighter.
Hindlimbs - longer than the forelimbs (to aid leaping).
Effective camouflage for forest habitat, both in dark shadow and
Well developed senses - especially eyesight including reflecting
layer (or tapetum) behind retina, assisting night vision.
Powerful shoulders and forelimbs
Short head makes possible powerful biting and shearing by cheek
Long, sharp retractable claws, aiding grabbing and holding.
Unique stripe pattern, much like human fingerprints.
eat by preference, large hoofed prey - axis deer, gaur (jungle bison),
marsh deer, sambar, wild pigs, but smaller prey if necessary. A
tigress will make perhaps 50 kills a year (depending on size of
prey), or more if she has young to feed.
hunt alone, and get as close to their prey as possible unobserved.
Then they break cover, reach the prey as quickly as possible from
behind or the side, knocking it over often suffocating it with a
bite on the neck or muzzle. A tiger may cover 12 miles in a night's
hunting. Many of the attacks will be unsuccessful.
occupy home ranges or territories - they mark their area by spraying
with urine and anal gland secretions, leaving faeces and scrapes,
and scratching trees. By these signs, they inform other tigers they
are in residence. A male's range overlaps several females' ranges.
we can see a previous tiger of Glasgow Zoopark exhibiting "Flehmen",
a wrinkling of the nose and lips in response to an olfactory stimulus
– usually the urine of a female. There is no English equivalent of
this word which is widely recognised throughout the world. In addition
to the nose, cats have scent receptors and pores at the side of, and
in, the mouth, making them prone to this at critical times.